Basic Alcohol Stove Construction

 


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Burner Construction

 

Alcohol Stove Construction Introduction

Step 1 - Jets

Step 2 - Fuel Port

Step 2a - Open Jet Stove

Step 2a - Hybrid Sideburner

Step 2b - Pressurized Jet Stove

Step 2c - Chimney Stove

Step 2c - Low Pressure Sideburner

Step 3 - Trimming

Step 4 - Assembly

Step 5 - Final Touches

Build a Primer Pan

Advanced Techniques

 


Step 1 - Jets

Note:  If you are making a Chimney or Low Pressure Sideburner stove, go to Step 2c.

 

Note - if you are planning on stretching and fitting the top stove section over the bottom section, (this looks better but is slightly more difficult to do and you are more likely to shove epoxy or RTV into your jets), you might want to cut your can down and stretch it prior to drilling holes as it is less likely to become stuck and/or crushed in the stretching process if there are no holes in your top section (skip to Step 3 - Trimming and through the stretching process of Step 4 and return here).

 

As far as jet size goes, there is a lot of variability and debate as far as jet size and configuration goes.  If you really interested in determining the difference in various configurations, peruse though the list of stoves Links and visit supplies page dealing with jets.  Here are some debatable generalizations.-

 

As far as jet height for sideburner stoves goes-

Determine how many and how you would like to configure your jets.  A template can help you evenly space your holes.

 

 

Jets can also be angled in or out or even placed on the side of the can (15mm or more below the top of the stove will allow you to use the stove as a pot stand once the side jets fire up).

          

 

Anywhere from 24 to 32 evenly spaced holes should work.  If you don't have your own magic number, a pattern of 24 evenly spaced holes angled straight up in a circle around the outer rim is a good one to start with (picture on left above).

 

 

To drill or punch the holes, you have many options (see Hole Making Tools).  Make sure that you use eye protection and drill, hammer, or push away. 


 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 


Proceed to Step 2 - Fuel Port

 


 

Drill Size Chart

Size

Decimal
Inch

mm

 

Size

Decimal
Inch

mm

 

Size

Decimal
Inch

mm

 

Size

Decimal
Inch

mm

#107

.0019

.048

1.60mm

.0630

1.600

3/16

.1875

4.762

9mm

.3543

9.000

#106

.0023

.058

#52

.0635

1.613

4.80mm

.1890

4.800

#T

.3580

9.093

#105

.0027

.069

1.65mm

.0650

1.650

#12

.1890

4.801

9.1mm

.3583

9.100

#104

.0031

.079

1.70mm

.0669

1.700

#11

.1910

4.851

23/64

.3594

9.128

#103

.0035

.089

#51

.0670

1.702

4.90mm

.1929

4.900

9.2mm

.3622

9.200

#102

.0039

.099

1.75mm

.0689

1.750

#10

.1935

4.915

9.25mm

.3642

9.250

0.10mm

.0040

.100

#50

.0700

1.778

#9

.1960

4.978

9.3mm

.3661

9.300

#101

.0043

.109

1.80mm

.0709

1.800

5.00mm

.1969

5.000

#U

.3680

9.347

#100

.0047

.119

1.85mm

.0728

1.850

#8

.1990

5.055

9.4mm

.3701

9.400

0.13mm

.0050

.130

#49

.0730

1.854

5.10mm

.2008

5.100

9.5mm

.3740

9.500

#99

.0051

.130

1.90mm

.0748

1.900

#7

.2010

5.105

3/8

.3750

9.525

#98

.0055

.140

#48

.0760

1.930

13/64

.2031

5.159

#V

.3770

9.576

0.15mm

.0059

.150

1.95mm

.0768

1.950

#6

.2040

5.182

9.6mm

.3780

9.600

#97

.0059

.150

5/64

.0781

1.984

5.20mm

.2047

5.200

9.7mm

.3819

9.700

#96

.0063

.160

#47

.0785

1.994

#5

.2055

5.220

9.75mm

.3839

9.750

#95

.0067

.170

2.00mm

.0787

2.000

5.25mm

.2067

5.250

9.8mm

.3858

9.800

#94

.0071

.180

2.05mm

.0807

2.050

5.30mm

.2087

5.300

#W

.3860

9.804

#93

.0075

.191

#46

.0810

2.057

#4

.2090

5.309

9.9mm

.3898

9.900

#92

.0079

.200

#45

.0820

2.083

5.40mm

.2126

5.400

25/64

.3906

9.922

.20mm

.0079

.200

2.10mm

.0827

2.100

#3

.2130

5.410

10mm

.3937

10.000

#91

.0083

.211

2.15mm

.0846

2.150

5.50mm

.2165

5.500

#X

.3970

10.084

#90

.0087

.220

#44

.0860

2.184

7/32

.2188

5.556

#Y

.4040

10.262

0.22mm

.0087

.220

2.20mm

.0866

2.200

5.6mm

.2205

5.600

13/32

.4062

10.319

#89

.0091

.231

2.25mm

.0886

2.250

#2

.2210

5.613

#Z

.4130

10.490

#88

.0095

.241

#43

.0890

2.261

5.70mm

.2244

5.700

10.5mm

.4134

10.500

0.25mm

.0098

.250

2.30mm

.0906

2.300

5.75mm

.2264

5.750

27/64

.4219

10.716

#87

.0100

.254

2.35mm

.0925

2.350

#1

.2280

5.791

11mm

.4331

11.000

#86

.0105

.267

#42

.0935

2.375

5.80mm

.2283

5.800

7/16

.4375

11.113

#85

.0110

.280

3/32

.0938

2.380

5.90mm

.2323

5.900

11.5mm

.4528

11.500

0.28mm

.0110

.280

2.40mm

.0945

2.400

#A

.2340

5.944

29/64

.4531

11.509

#84

.0115

.292

#41

.0960

2.438

15/64

.2344

5.953

15/32

.4688

11.906

0.30mm

.0118

.300

2.45mm

.0965

2.450

6.00mm

.2362

6.000

12mm

.4724

12.000

#83

.0120

.305

#40

.0980

2.489

#B

.2380

6.045

31/64

.4844

12.303

#82

.0125

.318

2.50mm

.0984

2.500

6.10mm

.2402

6.100

12.5mm

.4921

12.500

0.32mm

.0126

.320

#39

.0995

2.527

#C

.2420

6.147

1/2

.5000

12.700

#81

.0130

.330

#38

.1015

2.578

6.20mm

.2441

6.200

13mm

.5118

13.000

#80

.0135

.343

2.60mm

.1024

2.600

#D

.2460

6.248

33/64

.5156

13.097

0.35mm

.0138

.350

#37

.1040

2.642

6.25mm

.2461

6.250

17/32

.5312

13.494

#79

.0145

.368

2.70mm

.1063

2.700

6.30mm

.2480

6.300

13.5mm

.5315

13.500

1/64

.0156

.397

#36

.1065

2.705

#E

.2500

6.350

35/64

.5469

13.890

0.40mm

.0157

.400

2.75mm

.1083

2.750

1/4

.2500

6.350

14mm

.5512

14.000

#78

.0160

.406

7/64

.1094

2.778

6.40mm

.2520

6.400

9/16

.5625

14.287

0.45mm

.0177

.450

#35

.1100

2.794

6.50mm

.2559

6.500

14.5mm

.5709

14.500

#77

.0180

.457

2.80mm

.1102

2.800

#F

.2570

6.528

37/64

.5781

14.684

0.50mm

.0197

.500

#34

.1110

2.819

6.60mm

.2598

6.600

15mm

.5906

15.000

#76

.0200

.508

#33

.1130

2.870

#G

.2610

6.629

19/32

.5938

15.081

#75

.0210

.533

2.90mm

.1142

2.900

6.70mm

.2638

6.700

39/64

.6094

15.478

0.55mm

.0217

.550

#32

.1160

2.946

17/64

.2656

6.747

15.5mm

.6102

15.500

#74

.0225

.572

3.00mm

.1181

3.000

6.75mm

.2657

6.750

5/8

.6250

15.875

0.60mm

.0236

.600

#31

.1200

3.048

#H

.2660

6.756

16mm

.6299

16.000

#73

.0240

.610

3.10mm

.1220

3.100

6.80mm

.2677

6.800

41/64

.6406

16.272

#72

.0250

.635

1/8

.1250

3.175

6.90mm

.2717

6.900

16.5mm

.6496

16.500

0.65mm

.0256

.650

3.20mm

.1260

3.200

#I

.2720

6.909

21/32

.6562

16.669

#71

.0260

.660

3.15mm

.1280

3.150

7.00mm

.2756

7.000

17mm

.6693

17.000

0.70mm

.0276

.700

#30

.1285

3.264

#J

.2770

7.036

43/64

.6719

17.065

#70

.0280

.711

3.30mm

.1299

3.300

7.10mm

.2795

7.100

11/16

.6875

17.462

#69

.0292

.742

3.40mm

.1339

3.400

#K

.2810

7.137

17.5mm

.6890

17.500

0.75mm

.0295

.750

#29

.1360

3.454

9/32

.2812

7.144

45/64

.7031

17.859

#68

.0310

.787

3.50mm

.1378

3.500

7.20mm

.2835

7.200

18mm

.7087

18.000

1/32

.0312

.794

#28

.1405

3.569

7.25mm

.2854

7.250

23/32

.7188

18.256

0.80mm

.0315

.800

9/64

.1406

3.572

7.30mm

.2874

7.300

18.5mm

.7283

18.500

#67

.0320

.813

3.60mm

.1417

3.600

#L

.2900

7.366

47/64

.7344

18.653

#66

.0330

.838

#27

.1440

3.658

7.40mm

.2913

7.400

19mm

.7480

19.000

0.85mm

.0335

.850

3.70mm

.1457

3.700

#M

.2950

7.493

3/4

.7500

19.050

#65

.0350

.889

#26

.1470

3.734

7.50mm

.2953

7.500

49/64

.7656

19.447

0.90mm

.0354

.900

3.75mm

.1476

3.750

19/64

.2969

7.541

19.5mm

.7677

19.500

#64

.0360

.914

#25

.1495

3.797

7.60mm

.2992

7.600

25/32

.7812

19.844

#63

.0370

.940

3.80mm

.1496

3.800

#N

.3020

7.671

20mm

.7874

20.000

0.95mm

.0374

.950

#24

.1520

3.861

7.70mm

.3031

7.700

51/64

.7969

20.240

#62

.0380

.965

3.90mm

.1535

3.900

7.75mm

.3051

7.750

20.5mm

.8071

20.500

#61

.0390

.991

#23

.1540

3.912

7.8mm

.3071

7.800

13/16

.8125

20.637

1.00mm

.0394

1.000

5/32

.1562

3.969

7.90mm

.3110

7.900

21mm

.8268

21.000

#60

.0400

1.016

#22

.1570

3.988

5/16

.3125

7.937

53/64

.8281

21.034

#59

.0410

1.041

4.00mm

.1575

4.000

8mm

.3150

8.000

27/32

.8438

21.431

1.05mm

.0413

1.050

#21

.1590

4.039

#O

.3160

8.026

21.5mm

.8465

21.500

#58

.0420

1.067

#20

.1610

4.089

8.1mm

.3189

8.100

55/64

.8594

21.828

#57

.0430

1.092

4.10mm

.1614

4.100

8.2mm

.3228

8.200

22mm

.8661

22.000

1.10mm

.0433

1.100

4.20mm

.1654

4.200

#P

.3230

8.204

7/8

.8750

22.225

1.15mm

.0453

1.150

#19

.1660

4.216

8.25mm

.3248

8.250

22.5mm

.8858

22.500

#56

.0465

1.181

4.25mm

.1673

4.250

8.3mm

.3268

8.300

57/64

.8906

22.622

3/64

.0469

1.191

4.30mm

.1693

4.300

21/64

.3281

8.334

23mm

.9055

23.000

1.20mm

.0472

1.200

#18

.1695

4.305

8.4mm

.3307

8.4

29/32

.9062

23.019

1.25mm

.0492

1.250

11/64

.1719

4.366

#Q

.3320

8.433

59/64

.9219

23.415

1.30mm

.0512

1.300

#17

.1730

4.394

8.5mm

.3346

8.500

23.5mm

.9252

23.500

#55

.0520

1.321

4.40mm

.1732

4.400

8.6mm

.3386

8.600

15/16

.9375

23.812

1.35mm

.0531

1.350

#16

.1770

4.496

#R

.3390

8.611

24mm

.9449

24.000

#54

.0550

1.397

4.50mm

.1772

4.500

8.7mm

.3425

8.700

61/64

.9531

24.209

1.40mm

.0551

1.400

#15

.1800

4.572

11/32

.3438

8.731

24.5mm

.9646

24.500

1.45mm

.0571

1.450

4.60mm

.1811

4.600

8.75mm

.3445

8.750

31/32

.9688

24.606

1.50mm

.0591

1.500

#14

.1820

4.623

8.8mm

.3465

8.800

25mm

.9843

25.000

#53

.0595

1.511

#13

.1850

4.699

#S

.3480

8.839

63/64

.9844

25.003

1.55mm

.0610

1.550

4.70mm

.1850

4.700

8.9mm

.3504

8.900

1

1.000

25.400

1/16

.0625

1.587

4.75mm

.1870

4.750

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sewing Needle Size Chart

Number Metric/

European

36

38

40

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

230

250

280

300

330

350

380

Inches

.014

.015

.016

.018

.020

.022

.024

.026

.028

.030

.032

.033

.035

.037

.039

.043

.047

.049

.051

.055

.059

.063

.067

.071

.075

.079

.091

.098

.110

.118

.130

.138

.150

Millimeters

.36

.38

.40

.45

.50

.55

.60

.65

.70

.75

.80

.85

.90

.95

1.00

1.10

1.20

1.25

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.30

2.50

2.80

3.00

3.30

3.50

3.80

Singer/
American

 

 

3

4

5

6

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

18

19

20

21

22

 

23

 

24

 

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

Organ

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

18

19

20

21

22

 

23

 

24

 

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

Singer MR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MR1

 

MR2

 

 

 

MR3

 

MR4

 

 

MR5

 

MR6

 

MR7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Singer Delta-U

 

 

 

 

 

 

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

 

90

100

110

 

120

130

140

150

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Union-Special

 

 

 

018

020

020

 

025

027

029

032

 

036

 

040

044

048

049

 

054

060

 

067

073

 

080

090

100

 

120

 

140

 

Reece USA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4/0

3/0

2/0

 

0

 

1

2

3

 

4

5

 

6

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reece (Code)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

400

000

100

 

110

 

111

112

113

 

114

115

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Blindstitch

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

1/2

1

11/2

2

21/2

3

31/2

4

41/2

 

5

51/2

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Blindst. LG (Long)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

00

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lewis C

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

21/2

 

3

 

31/2

 

4

41/2

 

5

 

51/2

6

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lewis S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

12

 

14

 

16

18

19

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wilcox & Gibbs (old)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2/0

0

1

 

2

 

3

 

4

5

6

 

7

8

9

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wilcox & Gibbs (new)

 

 

 

 

20

22

24

25

27

30

32

33

36

38

40

44

48

49

52

55

60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Schiffli 110 S, 854 S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2/0

 

0

 

1

 

2

3

 

 

4

5

 

6

7

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bonis A

 

 

21

20

19

18

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

9

8

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bonis B

 

 

21

20

19

18

17

16

15

14

13

 

12

 

11

10

9

8

7

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fischbein

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

Howe (490)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

000

 

00

 

0

 

1

2

3

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

System 81,88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2/0

 

0

 

1

 

2

3

4

 

5

 

6

 

7

 

8

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

System 253

 

 

 

 

 

 

2/0

 

1

 

2

 

3

 

4

5

6

 

7

8

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

System 292

 

 

22

21

20

18

16

14

13

12

11

10

9

8

7

6

4

 

3

2

1

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

System 332

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2/0

 

0

 

1/2

 

1

2

3

 

4

5

 

6

 

7

 

8

9

10

 

 

 

 

 

System 459 R

23

22

21

20

19

18

17

16

15

14

13

 

12

 

11

10

9

 

8

7

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

System 505 LG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

 

7

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

System 604 FE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

00

 

0

 

1

2

3

 

4

 

5

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

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